Adam E. Rowland
The need to develop and implement balanced assessment systems is critical in 21st Century education (Stiggins, 2008). Balanced assessments systems include multiple forms of assessment, and student improvement through data collection is critical when designing assessments based on various purposes. Balanced assessment systems include the use of formative, summative, and non-academic forms, and teachers must be focused on how the assessments can be used to improve student engagement, increase student motivation, positively impact achievement, and provide effective feedback (Stiggins, 2008). Authentic forms of assessment can complement summative forms, and teachers should realize the importance of scoring rubrics that objectively measure learning while providing guidance and feedback for student products (Balch et al., 2016).
Balch, D., Blanck, R., & Balch, D. H. (2016). Rubrics--sharing the rules of the game. Journal of Instructional Research, 5, 19–49.
Stiggins, R. (2008). Assessment manifesto. A call for the development of balanced assessment systems. Educational Testing Service.